> Should we be physically separate from the world?
There is an interesting story in church history of a man who prematurely felt he must separate himself and others from the world. A good write-up is found in Hartley's "My Best For The Kingdom."
After the prophet's martyrdom, as persecution increased, James Emmett led about 150 saints away from Nauvoo into Iowa, in September of 1844 counter to the counsel of the Twelve. Emmett was Exed. The Saints who followed him weren't apostates, they were faithful members. Why did they follow him?
1. Most believe that Joseph Smith had ordered the venture and authorized Emmett to pick those who should go.
2. Like Emmett, some worried souls wanted to escape persecutors and government injustices. (They wanted to separate themselves from the world.)
3. A number felt they were fulfilling the Church's mandate to carry the gospel to the Indians.
4. Some believed that they were supposed to prepare the way for the movement of the church to the west.
Brigham Young kept a close eye on this group and asked my great-great-great grandfather, John L. Butler to go join the group and to "save them from destruction."
The group suffered greatly from starvation, exposure, and from the unrightious dominion of James Emmett. Apostle Amasa Lyman was sent in March of 1845 to visit the group and he found 150 souls "in a deplorable condition" of poverty and hunger. Many wanted to return, but were too ashamed because of the poor circumstance. Elder Lyman returned to Nauvoo and reported to Brigham Young. The group had been given a choice to return to Nauvoo or to locate a safe place. They pushed on to the Missouri river. Division arose in the group, false arrests and a few were kicked out of the group. Emmett returned to Nauvoo to report the camp's location. John Taylor chastised him saying "no one in the Kingdom has power to do just as he pleases." A hearing was held and Emmett was rebaptized into the church.
Did he learn his lesson? No. He was supposed to give up his presidency of the camp but didn't and during the next winter he fed his family well while starving others in the camp. The group was almost massacred by Indians. Things became worse and worse and while Emmett was away from the camp, the camp pulled up stakes and headed south and eventually joined other saints in Council Bluffs after Nauvoo was closed down. When Emmett returned to the deserted camp he was furious.
OK, what are some things we can learn from this story? Separation from the world does not always result in increased safety. Separation from the world, prematurely, counter to the counsel of the brethren isn't proper in the eyes of the Lord.
"We don't pray that you may be withdrawn into a Shangri-la away from the evils of the world, because you are the leaven wherever you are, to bring about righteousness." (Harold B. Lee, 1973 referring to John 17:14-15)
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> Is it always necessary to have the physical laying on of hands
> order to receive various authorities in the priesthood?
The same thing can be asked about bestowal of the Holy Ghost. The Savior
"...breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost." (John 20:22)Elder McConkie felt this was just a figure of speech and went on to say that
"he either conferred the gift upon them by the laying on of hands, or he confirmed verbally that he had theretofore given them that gift by the laying on of hands." (MM 4:282)
Joseph Fielding Smith slightly disagreed: "This however, may not have been the universal custom through the ages...We may correctly believe that the Lord may bestow the gift of the Holy Ghost by other means than by the laying on of hands if occasion requires it, there are many incidents recorded in the scriptures where divine authority has been bestowed by the divine edict to the prophets." (AGQ 4:94-95)
John the Baptist: D&C 84:28 is the source regarding John's "ordination" by the angel when he was eight days old. Was he ordained to the priesthood at that time? Why didn't his father, Zacharias ordain him? The answer to the second question is that John received keys that Zacharias did not hold (see D&C 84:28). Elder McConkie felt that John did not receive the Aaronic Priesthood at this time:"We do not know when he received the Aaronic Priesthood, but obviously it came after baptism, at whatever age was proper..." (MM 1:385)The "obviously" part for me is a bit of a stretch.
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Light of Christ
"It is in its less refined existence the physical light which reflects sun, moon, stars...in higher degree, the intellectual light. Its inspiration constitutes animal instinct, reason in man, vision in Prophets." (Parley P. Pratt, "Key to Theology" p.47)
"When it is necessary for the Holy Ghost to speak to us, he is able to do so by acting through the other spirit -- Light of Christ" (Joseph Fielding Smith DS 1:40)
"It is also...used by the Holy Ghost to manifest truth and dispense spiritual gifts to many people at the same time. It is as though the Holy Ghost was broadcasting all truth throughout the whole universe all the time using the light of Christ as the agency by which the message is delivered." (Bruce R. McConkie NWAOF p.70)
"We sometimes call it conscience...it is not the Gift of the Holy Ghost in its fulness; for that is only received by obedience to the commandments of God." (George Q. Cannon, JD 26:191)
"If the light of Christ is not present, life would cease, for it is the light of life as that life comes from God. It is the instrument which Deity communes will all his children...ONE of its manifestations is called conscience. It encourages men to come unto Christ. It is the medium of intelligence that guides inventors, scientists, artists, composers...when they set their hands to do that which is for the benefit and blessing of their fellowmen. By it the Lord guides in the affairs of me and directs the courses of nations and kingdoms." (Bruce R. McConkie NWAOF 259)
"If a man...will hearken to...the Spirit of Christ...it will lead him eventually to the fulness of the Gospel." (Joseph Fielding Smith DS 1:51)
"And he that repents not, from him shall be taken even the LIGHT which he has received; for my Spirit shall not always strive with man, saith the Lord of Hosts." (D&C 1:33)
To me, it is heresy to think that the Light of Christ would inspire mankind to do evil. Satan does NOT use the Light of Christ to help with his evil deeds. It makes me shudder to think that one would even consider this. Satan works by darkness, not by light."Light and truth forsake that evil one." (D&C 93:37)
The quotes I provided mentioned that Light of Christ inspires us to do things for the benefit of our fellowmen.
"But whatsoever thing persuadeth men to do evil, and believe not in Christ, and deny him, and serve not God, then ye may know with a perfect knowledge it is of the devil; for after this manner doth the devil work, for he persuadeth no man to do good, no not one..." (Moroni 7:17)
"The present turmoil and contentions in the world are due to the fact that the leaders of nations are getting their inspiration from Satan, not from the Lord. His Spirit is withdrawn from them, according to his promise, in spiritual things. The Lord would be glad to direct them, but they seek not his counsel. The spirit of the evil one is placing in their minds vain and fantastic notions and leading mankind farther away from the truth..." (Joseph Fielding Smith AGQ 2:156)
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In Elder Dallin Oaks' book, "The Lord's Way" in the chapter "Litigation", he offers some advice.
"Although there is no absolute prohibition against members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints going to court to resolve disputes--even with other members--there are eternal principles that forbid such action in some circumstances and impose significant conditions in others. Person who desire to engage in litigation should measure their proposed action against some test...that show whether they are conducting their legal affairs in the Lord's way or in the way of the world.
1. Forgive. The first test is whether the potential litigant can forgive his or her adversary...In many instances, an attitude and feeling of forgiveness will preclude litigation. In some instances it will not. Whatever its effect on litigation, forgiveness is always necessary because it is required of a believer.
2. Pursue private settlement...before LDS initiate litigation they have a duty to pursue the settlement of grievance personally or with the aid of a mediator...for practical and spiritual reasons...
3. Eliminate revenge...Is the proposed litigation an attempt to obtain revenge against an adversary? Revenge is never a proper motive for a Christian...
4. Act to protect others. The test of this possible justification is whether the initiating party is acting primarily to further his or her own interests or primarily and genuinely to protect the interests of others...
5. Consider the effect of civil action upon those who are sued...The Golden Rule is not a popular deterrent against civil litigation, but it applies nonetheless...
6. Think of responsibilities ahead of rights. When we think of the effect of our actions upon others rather than simply what we can obtain for ourselves, we are approaching the decisions of life in terms of our responsibilities rather than our rights...
In short, a good LDS can participate in litigation, but will do so only after focusing on his or her personal responsibilities (not just his or her rights); by practicing forgiveness, by pursuing private settlement, by disclaiming revenge, and by considering the effect of the proposed litigation on others."
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> Who is the Marred One spoken of in the Book of Mormon?
Chirst was quoting Isaiah. Isaiah's prophesies very frequently had dual meanings, dual fullfilments. So is it I believe in this case. I believe it refers to Jesus and also to a latter-day prophet. I don't rule out Joseph Smith.
I know that some including Gileadi speak of this latter-day David. And some have said maybe he is the marred one. Elder McConkie rejects this "Davidic myth.""This wresting of the written word assumes that someone of prophetic stature will arise in the Church in the last days, to preside as a Second David, and to prepare the way before the Second Coming of the Son of Man. That there may be one or many brethren called David who preside over the Church in this dispensation is of no momnet. The scriptures that speak of King David reigning in the last days are Messianic; they have reference to the Millennial reign of the Lord Jesus Chirst." (Bruce R. McConkie, NWFAOF p.518)
In Monte Nyman's commentary he says:"Verse 13 is almost universally accepted by Christians as a description of the Savior's being exalted on high following his persecution and crucifixion. The following two verses seem to describe his mortal life, and could well be left at that were it not for latter-day revelation which shows that these verses also apply to Joseph Smith...After the Savior quoted these verses to the Nephites, he gave a sign to them to show when these things were to take place...He said the prophecy would begin to be fulfilled when the work of the Nephites would come forth among the Gentiles (3 Ne 21:2-9)...when kings would no longer hold absolute power but would be figureheads...The marring of the servant's "visage"...has sometimes been thought to refer to the tarring and feathering of Joseph at Hiram, Ohio...However D&C 10:43 refers to the marring of his work. The work of Joseph Smith was marred because of the loss of the 116 pages of manuscript..." (Nyman, "Great are the Words of Isaiah", p.204-206
In September of 1844, William Smith, brother of the Prophet, was editor of a Mormon publication called *The Prophet* which was published weekly in New York and Boston. In response to a comment which as I remember was published in the *Boston Bee*, William refers to a little known incident about his brother Joseph:
"A false Mormon Prophecy--Mr. Editor: In the Book of Mormon, second edition, commencing on page 526 occurs a prophecy; in the course of which the Prophet Smith is brought into view, and the following prediction is made concerning him: "But behold the life of my servant shall be in my hand; therefore they shall not hurt him; although he shall be marred because of them. Yet I will hear him; for I will show unto them that my wisdom is greater than the cunning of the devil." 3Ne 21:10, current edition Happening to be familiar with Mormon books I thought I would transcribe the above passage for publication in order to show how it squares with the violent death of Smith. An Observer.
This "marring" which was to take place before he brought the words of the book forth to the Gentiles, happened near the hill Cummorah, when Joseph Smith was knocked down with a hand spike, and afterwards healed almost instantly! The second time he was marred, can be seen by reading the Times and Seasons of August 15th, 1841; when his flesh was scratched off, and he tarred and feathered. He was again healed instantly, fulfilling the prophecy twice." From an editorial, *The Prophet* Vol 1 No. 19 page 1, Sep 21, 1844
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> What is a leverite marriage? :exmp.
An ancient times:"If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother unto her. And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel. And if the man like not to take his brother's wife, then let his brother's wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband's brother. Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her; Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house. And his name shall be called in Irael, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed." (Deut 25:5-10)
John Taylor says something very interesting regarding levirate marriages:"There is another feature of that ancient law which I will mention. It was considered an act of injustice for the nearest relation not to take the wife of the deceased....If the restitution of all things is to be brought to pass, there must be a restitution of these things; everything will be put right, and in its proper place." (JD 1:232)
Were levirate marriages restored in whole during the early days of the church? I don't think so. (Yes, Brigham Young did marry some of Joseph's plural wives after his death...example: Eliza R. Snow) But it does not appear that the church as a whole was called to live this law. This appears to be something that will be restored in the future according the John Taylor's statement.
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The following are actual journal entries that record the feelings that these early saints had regarding the martyrdom.
Lewis Barney:I lived in the neighborhood of Carthage about 3 miles from town...As soon as this was done the whole country was deserted; men, women and children fled for their lives, not taking time to shut their doors after them. Stores were left standing open and there was gloom cast over the country, so much that strangers passing through the country spoke of it. As I was out looking, I met a stranger. He ask me what was the matter. That everything looks so gloomy and lonesome. I told him that last evening (27th of June, 1844) Joseph Smith the Prophet and his brother Hyrum were murdered at Carthage Illinois, and the people here all fled and left the country and when the blood of a prophet is shed it has a tendency to cast a gloom over the country. The whole Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints were bathed in tears and mourning for the loss of the Prophet and the Patriarch.
Sarah DeArmon Pea Rich - age 20Well, I cannot describe the sorrow the Church was thrown into at this time, men, women, and children wept and cried aloud when the news came in that our brethren were killed; So arrangements were made to have their bodies brought into Nauvoo. When the word came that they were near the city, thousands went out to meet them. My father took his team and brought my mother and sister to my house and took me and them out to meet our dead Patriarch and Prophet Hyrum and Joseph together with our dear Brother Taylor, who lay groaning on the litter as our brethren bore him into the city. O, what a solemn time! I shall never forget it. They were taken to the mansion house where their families and aged mother was awaiting their arrival. The next day after their bodies were prepared for burial and placed in their coffins. They were placed in the Hall of the Mansion, side by side, where the brethren and sisters and children could pass through and look upon their peaceful faces. Thousands came from all quarters to take a last look; and steamboats loaded with strangers came from Burlington, Quincy and many other places, to look upon their dead bodies. So on the third day they were laid to rest.
Gilbert Belnap:Their bodies were placed in a commodious position and the assembled thousands of Saints gazed in mournful silence on the faces of the illustrious dead. While penning these few lines, tears of sorrow still moisten my cheeks and I feel to hasten to the recital of other events.
John L. Butler:The Saints all felt it when Brother Joseph was killed, they could not tell the reason why it was, but their hearts seemed to melt within them and they mourned and knew not what for, and when the tidings came they were sorely distressed, and prayed that the Lord would avenge the blood of his servants the prophets, and truly he will for he has said so, and he will keep his word.
Isaac C. Haight:About two o'clock the morning of the 28th, as I was standing guard near the Nauvoo temple,...George Grant came in. I hailed him and he told me that Joseph and Hyrum were dead and the way they came to their death. My heart shrunk within me and I felt to curse the perpetrator of that dark and diabolical deed. The news soon spread through the city. Mourning was depicted on every countenance; that day was truly a day of mourning with the Saints. About three o'clock in the afternoon the procession was formed in the east of the city to receive the bodies of our martyred prophet and patriarch as carriages were sent to convey them to Nauvoo. We did not wait long before we saw them mournfully winding their way across the prairies. Their bodies were received with tears by the Saints and conveyed to the Mansion amidst the cries and lamentations of the people. The next day, the 29th, the bodies were to be seen at the Mansion from 9 o'clock a.m. till 5 p.m. when they were taken by some chosen friends and buried to await the resurrection morn.
Mosiah Lyman Hancock - age 10I went to see those noble martyrs after they were laid out in the mansion. Their heads were placed to the north. As we came in at the door, we came to the feet of the Prophet Joseph, then passed up by his left side and around his head, then down by his right side. Next we turned to the right and came to the feet of Hyrum, then up by his left side and around his head and down by his right side; then we filed out of the other door. So the great stream of people continued until the Saints all had the privilege of taking their last look at the martyred bodies. After the people had gone home, my father took me again into the mansion and told me to place one hand on Joseph's breast and to raise my other arm and swear with hand uplifted that I wold never make a compromise with any of the sons of Hell. Which vow I took with a determination to fulfill to the very letter. I took the same vow with Hyrum.
Joseph Grafton Hovey:A procession of several thousand people followed the bodies of the beloved Prophet and Patriarch to the Mansion House. The next day at ten o'clock the bodies could be viewed. My wife, Martha, and myself did go and view the corpse of our beloved Prophet and Patriarch. Joseph looked quite natural but Hyrum was so swollen in the face that he did not look natural.
Oliver B. HuntingtonI shall always mourn that I did not stay and have the privilege of seeing those martyrs after they were slain. However, I afterwards succeeded in getting a cain out of the box in which Joseph was brought to Nauvoo in from Carthage.
Benjamin F. JohnsonTo attempt to delineate the feelings of woe and unutterable sorrow that swelled every heart too full for tears, I need not attempt. I stood up, dazed with grief, could groan but could not weep. The fountain of tears was dry! "Oh God! what will thy orphan church and people now do!" was the only feeling or thought, that now burst out in groans. I did not go to see their mutilated bodies. I had no wish to look into their grave; I knew they were not there, and the words of Brother Joseph began to come back to me, "I could do so much more for my friends if I were on the other side of the veil." These words, "my friends"--oh, how glad that he was my friend. These thoughts gradually gained the empire in my heart, and I began to realize that in his martyrdom there was a great eternal purpose in the heavens. But we were not able, as yet, to comprehend such a necessity. I could begin now to feel just what he meant, and his words, "do for his friends," to me, were like the promise of Jesus to provide mansions for his disciples that they might be with him always. These things now were my consolation, and when I could begin to rejoice in them, the fountains of my tears began to flow, and I grew in consolation from day to day.
George LaubI was well acquainted with these men. I loved them better then my own life and would it been any gain to save their lives, I would have forfeited my own for them. I mourned their lives thirty days, no more at present, Amen.
Sarah Studevant LeavittWhen the news came, the whole city of Nauvoo was thunderstruck; such mourning and lamentation was seldom ever heard on the earth. There were many, myself among them, who would gladly have died if his life could have been spared by doing so. I never had spoken to the man in my life, but I had seen him and heard him preach and knew that he was a prophet of God, sent here by the Almighty to set up His kingdom, no more to be thrown down, and now how was that great and important work to be accomplished?
Wandle MaceWhen early in the morning the sad news reached Nauvoo, it spread from mouth to mouth instantaneously, almost paralyzing everyone with the words, "Joseph and Hyrum is dead," assasinated in jail! Who can depict the scene? What pen describe the sorrow and mourning manifested by all? Strong men wept like children; women moaned as they gathered their little children around them and told them of the fearful crime that had taken place at Carthage, where the governor had promised protection to those
Parley P. PrattDuring the two or three days I spent in travelling between Chicago and Peoria I felt so weighed down with sorrow and the powers of darkness that it was painful for me to converse or speak to anyone or even to try to eat or sleep. I really felt that if it had been my own family who had died, and our beloved Prophet been spared alive, I could have borne it, and the blow would have fallen on me with far less weight. I had loved Joseph with a warmth of affection indescribable for about fourteen years. I had associated with him in private and in public, in travels and at home, in joy and sorrow, in honor and dishonor, in adversity of every kind. With him I had lain in dungeons and in chains; and with him I had triumphed over all our foes in Missouri, and found deliverance for ourselves and people in Nauvoo, where we had reared a great city. But now he was gone to the invisible world, and we and the Church of the Saints were left to mourn in sorrow and without the presence of our beloved founder and Prophet. As I walked along over the plains of Illinois, lonely and solitary,...weighed down as it were unto death. When I could endure it no longer, I cried out aloud, saying: O Lord! in the name of Jesus Christ I pray Thee, show me what these things mean, and what I shall say to Thy people? On a sudden the Spirit of God came upon me, and filled my heart with joy and gladness indescribable; and while the spirit of revelation glowed in my bosom with as visible a warmth and gladness as if it were fire. The Spirit said unto me: "Lift up your head and rejoice; for behold! it is well with my servants Joseph and Hyrum. My servant Joseph still holds the keys of my kingdom in this dispensation, and he shall stand in due time on the earth, in the flesh, and fulfil that to which he is appointed. Go and say unto my people in Nauvoo, that they shall continue to pursue their daily duties and take care of themselves, and make no movement in Church government to reorganize or alter anything until the return of the remainder of the Quorum of the Twelve. But exhort them that they continue to build the House of the Lord which I have commanded them to build in Nauvoo." This information caused my bosom to burn with joy and gladness, and I was comforted above measure; all my sorrow seemed in a moment to be lifted as a burden from my back.
Sally RandallIf you can imagine to yourselves how the apostles and saints felt when the Savior was crucified you can give something of a guess how the Saints felt here when they heard that their prophet and patriarch were both dead and murdered, too, by a lawless mob. Never has there been such a horrible crime committed since the day Christ was crucified. It seems that all nature mourned. The earth is deprived of the two best men there was on it. They have sealed their testimony with their blood.
Mary Phelps Rich - age 15I went home to father's place. Then came the awful tragedy of his murder. When the sad news came to Nauvoo, the Saints were all plunged in grief, not knowing what to do. The next day the Nauvoo Legion went part way to Carthage to meet the bodies. The inhabitants were all out in the streets, on the housetops and everywhere to see if they could get just a glimpse of him. But he was in a new wagon, which had no cover other than green bushes which had been laid over the top of the box. Hence, they could not see him. As they drove around to the mansion (the Prophet's home), the people were almost frantic to get one little glimpse of him, but they were driven back by the marshall. The wagon was driven inside of the back gate and the gate was locked. No one was allowed in the yard except the guards and the Prophet's special friends. My father was at the mansion all night, doing what he could to help them. In the morning he came up early and told me that if I would get up I could go down, as he had gotten permission for me to see Joseph and Hyrum Smith as they lay at their home. I went down, saw them and laid my hand on Joseph's forehead. The blood was oozing out of the wound in his shoulder, and the sheet that was around him was stained with blood. Still he looked very natural; Hyrum had been shot in the face and therefore he did not look very natural. The funeral was held at one o'clock that day. The Saints were all allowed to go and view the remains after they were dressed.
Luman Andros ShurtliffThe news soon came to Nauvoo. The next day the bodies were brought into Nauvoo. The whole city was in mourning and nearly all the inhabitants came out to see the bodies of these men they loved and to drop a tear of affection for those men of God and sorrow for each other. On viewing the remains of these men, I could not help but think of the many thousands of prophets and wise men that had been slain to gratify the jealousy and hatred of an assumed priesthood. My feelings as I gazed on the lifeless bodies of those men were that these men were at the head of the legion. I would much rather, at the head of my company, have marched into the prairie of Illinois and fought the whole mob of the states until one party or the other became extinct, than to tamely have these great men murdered as they were. But the authorities who were left said, "Be still and see the salvation of God."
Benjamin Ashby - age 16I sat upon the steps of my father's house on the evening of the day that he was shot until twelve o'clock and never did I hear before such an uproar and noise that seemed to pervade the very atmosphere; dogs howling, mingled with confused noises as though all the legions of the damned were in commotion. Not dreaming of the tragedy that had been enacted that afternoon, I went to bed but at the dawn of morning the sad tale was brought to our ears and the grief and sorrow of a whole people cannot be pictured in language; for days, a man, woman or child could not be met but they were in tears for the loss of their beloved leader. Soon the wagons containing the two brothers arrived in the city and passed down to the Mansion House where we visited and viewed their marred features as they lay in the hallowments of the grave.
Joseph FieldingTheir bodies were washed from blood and put into boxes and the next day were conveyed in two wagons under a guard to Nauvoo. This was the most solemn sight that my eyes ever beheld. I had often read of the martyrs of old, but now here I saw two of the greatest of men who sealed the truth which they had held and taught with their blood. Joseph and Hyrum Smith were of large stature, well proportioned and had a noble appearance, and this appearance was by no means lost in death, as they lay side by side. When I think of them and write of them, I feel as though I want to ask their forgiveness that I have not mourned for them more deeply. My consolation in the midst of this affair was that all had been done. Joseph and Hyrum had done all that they could have done and the foundation of the great work of the last days was laid so that it could be finished by the Twelve Apostles who had been instructed in all things pertaining to the kingdom of God on the earth.
Warren Footewife came out and told us that word had just come that Joseph Smith and his brother Hyram was shot in Carthage Jail yesterday afternoon. I said at once, "that it cannot be so." Yet it so affected us that we dropped the cradle and rake and went home. We found that the word had come so straight that we could no longer doubt the truth of it. We all felt as though the powers of darkness had overcome, and that the Lord had forsaken His people. Our Prophet and Patriarch were gone. Who now is to lead the Saints? In fact we mourned "as one mourneth for his only son." Yet after all the anguish of our hearts, and deep mourning of our souls a spirit seemed to whisper "All is well. Zion shall yet arise and spread abroad upon the earth, and the kingdoms of this world shall become the Kingdom of our God and His Christ." So we felt to trust in God.
Aroet Lucious Hale - age 16I well remember the day that the bodies of Joseph and Hyrum Smith were brought into Nauvoo. Our parents all went out to the street as the procession passed along the road. The city was in one complete scene of weeping, mourning, and lamentation after the bodies arrived at the mansion house. It was enough to break the heart of a stone, to hear Grandmother Smith and the Saints weep over the loss of their dear Prophet and patriarch, Joseph and Hyrum Smith.